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A family with X-linked Cornelia de Lange syndrome due to a novel SMC1A missense mutation identified by multi-gene panel sequencing
J Genet Med 2018;15:24-27
Published online June 30, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.5734/JGM.2018.15.1.24
© 2018 Korean Society of Medical Genetics and Genomics.

Sungwon Hong and Cha Gon Lee*

Department of Pediatrics, Nowon Eulji Medical Center, Eulji University, Seoul, Korea
Cha Gon Lee, M.D. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7294-229X
Division of Child Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Nowon Eulji Medical Center, Eulji University, 68 Hangeulbiseok-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01830, Korea.
Tel: +82-2-970-8222, Fax: +82-2-970-0068, E-mail: leechagon@eulji.ac.kr
Received May 4, 2018; Revised June 5, 2018; Accepted June 6, 2018.
cc This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare, clinically and genetically heterogeneous, multi-system developmental disorder caused by mutations in genes that encode components of the cohesin complex. X-linked CdLS caused by an SMC1A mutation is an extremely rare disease characterized by phenotypes milder than those of classic CdLS. In the Republic of Korea, based on a literature review, one family with SMC1A-related CdLS with mild phenotypes has been genetically confirmed to date. In this study, we describe the clinical features of a Korean boy with a hemizygous novel missense mutation and his mother with a heterozygous mutation, i.e., c.2447G>A (p.Arg816His) in SMC1A, identified by multi-gene panel sequencing. The proband had a mild phenotype with typical facial features and his mother exhibited a mild, subclinical phenotype. This study expands the clinical spectrum of patients with X-linked CdLS caused by SMC1A variants. Moreover, these findings reinforce the notion that a dominant negative effect in a carrier female with a heterozygous mutation in SMC1A results in a phenotype milder than that in a male patient with the same mutation.
Keywords : SMC1A, De Lange syndrome, X-Linked genes, High-throughput nucleotide sequencing.


June 2018, 15 (1)
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